July 13th attack on Mumbai – Cycle of terror continues

The Terror Act
Three near-simultaneous explosions rocked Mumbai at rush-hour on Wednesday, 13th July 2011, killing at least 17 people and injuring 141 in another terrorist strike in the city. One blast hit the crowded neighborhood of Dadar in central Mumbai. The others were at the Zaveri Bazaar, which is a famed jewelry market, and the busy business district of Opera House, both in southern Mumbai and several miles (kilometers) apart. All three blasts happened from 6:50pm. to 7pm., when all the neighborhoods would have been packed with office workers and commuters. The blasts were not remotely triggered. And that ammonium nitrate was used along with reasonably sophisticated Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Militant organisations hostile to India, especially Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Indian Mujahideen (IM), are being treated as possible suspects.

Why on 13th?
July 13 was 24th birthday of Ajmal Kasab, the terrorist who is facing death sentence for his terrorist attack on Mumbai. July 13 is also celebrated as the Martyrs day by those who support separating Kashmir from India, for paying homage to 22 Kashmiris who were killed in 1931 while fighting Dogra rulers in their attempt to establish Islamic rule in Kashmir.

Political Response
While Indian home minister claimed that there is no intelligence failure, South Mumbai MP Milind Deora feels that gaps in intelligence need to be filled. Home ministers initial statement is filled with justification of his position and excuses for not able to avoid another attack. He highlighted the absence of terror in Mumbai for for three years in the recent past. BJP, the main opposition party attacked the government for failing to prevent the attack and for diverting its attention to suppress its political opponents. There are muted responses from other political parties and organizations.

Suspected Organizations
While LeT is Pakistan based anti India terror organization, the Indian Mujahideen, is an underground Jihadi organization with deep rooted network in many Indian cities. The IM, a shadow outfit of the banned Students Islamic Movement of India (Simi) works in close cooperation with LeT, which is directly controlled by the Pakistani spy agency, the ISI . A dossier of 31 mostwanted IM absconders, complete with their names, aliases, photographs and permanent addresses, was circulated among the states concerned. Ten of them are from Karnataka, eight from UP, six from Kerala, three from Maharashtra and two each from Gujarat and Jharkhand. Even though the IM cadres have been lying low for sometime, their terror modules are intact and waiting to execute more attacks.

Jihadi organizations are aimed at separating Kashmir from India in the short term. In the long term, they have goals of extending Sharia, the Islamic Law, to the whole of India. They adopt terrorism to support Kashmiri separatists, Islamic interests in other parts of the country. They achieve the goal of highlighting their cause to the whole world at regular intervals. Terror actions are tactical victories in the long war against the enemies in their effort of Islamization. For this purpose, they collaborate with government agencies, other terrorist organizations, overground organizations.

Reasons for continued attacks in India
Unlike US after Sept 11, India is failing to protect its citizens from the terrorism. This question is raised by increasingly more number of people. The answer is not difficult to find. Indian society – government included – is refusing to change its approach towards security. There is no calibration in the attitude, processes and thinking.

Also Read Preventing future terrorist attacks

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