South Sudan referendum: could it be tip of iceberg of other issues?

– No doubt that the south Sudan referendum, set for Jan. 9, 2011, would not be the decisive cure for a ten-year tensed relations between north and south Sudan, but it could be a tip of an iceberg of other issues awaiting this African country.

Observers and analysts believe that Sudan in 2011 would face great challenges, particularly if the referendum resulted in separation of the oil-rich region which constitutes a quarter of Sudan’s total area.

“Great security, political and social challenges are expected to arise after the referendum that could negatively affect on stability of Sudan, both in its north and south,” Dr. Mohamed Zulnoun, a Sudanese lecturer of political science, told Xinhua.

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