Dr Chandrashekhara Kambara, Veteran Kannada Writer and the founder vice chancellor of Kannada University in Hampi now gets India’s highest literary Award, Jnanapith for the year 2009.
|Dr. Chandrashekhara Kambara with his family|
La Tomatina (Valencian pronunciation is a festival that is held in the Spain, in which participants throw tomatoes at each other. It is held the last Wednesday in August, during the week of festivities of Buñol.
The famous La Tomatina festival held in Spain during the last week of August is a tourist attraction. Event organisers are planning to replicate it in the Bangalore city on 18th September, 2011 – 11am @ Palace grounds.
Thousands of tomatoes might just be thrown about just for fun, but not if the chief minister intervenes and bans this wasteful activity. Activists, students, and professionals of Bangalore are slamming the wastage of food in a country where 25% of the world’s hungry and poor live and around 43% of children aged below five suffer from malnutrition, according to the 2011 World Food Programme Report in India. While it has been reported that the tomatoes being used are unfit for consumption and are coming from Kolar where farmers supposedly throw their produce on the streets to rot, protestors like Anju Sait, a corporate employee says: “There are better ways to deal with the glut of unusable tomatoes than by wasting an entire day soaking in red goop. Apart from hurting the sentiments of people who don’t know that the tomatoes can’t be consumed, we’re also teaching our kids that it’s okay to waste food for fun.” An online petition, No La Tomatina, has been initiated by environment conscious Bangaloreans who are protesting the festival.
Tomato festival, is viewed as a insensitive festival by many people. Spanish society, which is known for gruesome cruelties unleashed in American land in 15th Centuary[ Devastation of Indies], may not understand the emotions that La Tomatino generates among poorer, under nourished people.
History of the festival
In 1945, during a parade of gigantes y cabezudos, young men who wanted to participate in the event staged a brawl. Since there was a vegetable stand nearby, they picked up tomatoes and used them as weapons. The police had to intervene to break up the fight, and forced those responsible to pay the damages incurred.
The following year the young people repeated the fight, only this time they brought their own tomatoes from home. They were again dispersed by the police. After repeating this in subsequent years, the party was, albeit unofficially, established.
Several trucks throw tomatoes in abundance in the Plaza del Pueblo. The tomatoes come from Extremadura, where they are less expensive and are grown specifically for the holidays, being of inferior taste. For the participants the use of goggles and gloves are recommended. The tomatoes must be crushed before being thrown so as to reduce the risk of injury.
After exactly one hour, the fight ends with the firing of the second shot, announcing the end. The whole town square is colored red and rivers of tomato juice flow freely. Fire Trucks hose down the streets and participants use hoses that locals provide to remove the tomato paste from their bodies. Some participants go to the pool of “los peñones” to wash. After the cleaning, the village cobblestone streets are pristine due to the acidity of the tomato disinfecting and thoroughly cleaning the surfaces.
The festival has been recreated in several parts of the world. In the recent years, Tomato festival has been organized in Columbia, Costa Rica the town of San José de Trojas, Dongguan in southern Guangdong province in China, City of Reno in Nevada in the United States, Esparraguera a town of Quillón in Chile, Sydney University Touch Football CLub.
Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI or HJI) meaning “Islamic Struggle Movement”, is an Islamic fundamentalist organization most active in South Asian countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh and India since the early 1990s.
HuJI or HJI was formed in 1984 by Fazalur Rehman Khalil and Qari Saifullah Akhtar, as the first Pakistan-based jihadist, during the Soviet-Afghan War.Khalil later broke away to form his own group Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA), which later emerged as the most feared militant organization in Kashmir. This group would later re-form as Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM), when HuA was banned by the United States in 1997. HuJI first limited its operations in Afghanistan to defeating the Communists, but after the Soviets retreated, the organization exported jihad to the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir under the patronage of ISI and the Pakistani establishment. HuJI’s footprint was extended to Bangladesh when the Bangladesh unit was established in 1992, with direct assistance from Osama bin Laden.
HuJI espoused a Pan-Islamic ideology, and has goals of bringing the entire world under Shariat law. It is established in violent means to liberate Kashmir and make it a part of Pakistan. HuJI is also involved in destruction of two Hindu temples in Varanasi. HuJI and HuM were both strongly backed by the Taliban, and therefore the group professed Taliban-style fundamentalist Islam. The group lured the teenagers from Madrasas as recruits and they proceeded to military training in the camps located in Afghanistan and Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
Several governments have proscribed HuJI as a terrorist organization. In October 2005, Bangladesh banned the militant group. On August 6, 2010 the United States and the United Nations designated Harakat-ul Jihad al-Islami as a foreign terror group and blacklisted its commander Ilyas Kashmiri. Ilyas Kashmiri, was reportedly killed in a U.S. Predator drone strike in South Waziristan on June 4 2011 He was linked to the February 13 2010 bombing of a German bakery in the Indian city of Pune.
Major strikes on India by HuJI include attack near the American Centre in Kolkatta (2002), Delhi-Patna Shramjeevi Express bombing (2005), Suicide bombing of the AP counter terrorism special task force (2005), Varanasi bombing (2006), Hyderabad bombings (2007), Jaipur, Bangalore, Ahmadabad, Agartala, Assam bombings(2008), Delhi serial blasts (2008) and Delhi bombing (2011).