Liberhan Commission headed by the retired judge of Supreme Court M S Liberhan was constituted on December 16, 1992 by an order of the Indian union home ministry following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on 6 December and the riots in Ayodhya city. The Commission was expected to submit its report within three months.
To make an inquiry with respect to the following matters:-
(1) The sequence of events leading to, and all the facts and circumstances relating to the destruction of the Ram Janma Bhoomi-Babri Masjid structure.
(2) The role played by the Chief Minister, Members of the Council of Ministers, officials of the Government of Uttar Pradesh and by the individuals, concerned organisations and agencies in, or in connection with, the destruction of the Ram Janma Bhoomi-Babri Masjid structure.
(3) The deficiencies in security measures and other arrangements as prescribed or operated in practice.
(4) The sequence of events leadings to, and all the facts and circumstances relating to, the assault on media persons at ayodhya on 6 December, 1992.
(5) Any other matters related to the subject of Inquiry.
The inquiry was conducted at the cost of Rs.8 crore and it took 16 years to complete. The commission got extension 48 times. It was appointed by former prime minister P.V. Narasimha Rao two weeks after the demolition on Dec 16, 1992.